The Department of Infectious Diseases focuses on the diagnosis, examination, and treatment of diseases caused by microorganisms. This unit also plays a crucial role in controlling, monitoring, and minimizing hospital infections. It conducts necessary studies to achieve these goals and provides training on this subject to patients, their relatives, and relevant personnel. In infection control efforts, the conscious, appropriate, and effective use of antibiotics holds a significant place.
The Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, a key part of the Infectious Diseases department, conducts tests to identify disease-causing microorganisms. This laboratory includes sub-units such as Bacteriology (the study of bacteria), Virology (the study of viruses), Mycology (the study of fungi), Parasitology (the study of parasites), and Serology (the study of antibodies against microorganisms in the blood).
Infectious disease specialists manage and treat a wide range of diseases, from common illnesses like flu, urinary tract infections, and diarrhea to life-threatening conditions such as AIDS, meningitis, tuberculosis, and hepatitis. Fever is one of the most common symptoms encountered in infectious diseases and is often a primary cause of fever; thus, the evaluation of patients with fever is an important aspect of the Infectious Diseases Unit.